Nicosia, the capital of Cyprus for some one thousand years, is the island’s largest and leading city. It is the administrative, commercial, cultural, educational and religious centre of our country, and is also geographically at the centre of the island.
The city’s origins date back to the Chalcolithic Age. From antiquity and until the first centuries AD, it was known as Ledra. The historical Old Town lies within massive 16th century Venetian Walls, and is home to important museums, Byzantine churches, medieval and neoclassical buildings, all standing along picturesque narrow roads that traverse the town’s fascinating old quarters.
Unfortunately, Nicosia remains the last divided capital in Europe, with the ‘Green Line’ splitting its heart in two.